Stage Sets and Proscenium Stages
When you’re starting out as an amateur dramatics society it’s important that all your members be up to speed on the ins-and-outs of theatre, including common theatre types in terms of theatrical spaces.
Throughout the generations, actors have performed in a variety of places, and unless you have one specific stage on which your troupe will always perform, it’s likely that your actors, directors, designers and stagehands will need to know about many different potential performing locales.
Below are a few of the more common stage types, including the ways to modify them depending upon their dimensions and, quite honestly, limitations (which should probably be considered “opportunities”!) of your actual space.
Proscenium StagesThe proscenium stage is that with which most modern audiences are intimately familiar. Generally speaking, if you’ve been to a performance at a school, you’ve likely watched a play or show on a proscenium.
A proscenium is rather like a box where three walls are used as the “set”. The fourth wall is invisible to the actors (unless they will be “breaking” this wall by acknowledging the presence of onlookers) and gives the audience a “window” in which to watch the action. In some stage spaces, a curtain can be drawn to essentially “close” the audience from the action and allow scenery to be relocated or actors to move. A curtain can also signify the end of a performance, scene or act.
The proscenium stage lends itself well to traditional and classical dramas and comedies. Additionally, musicals can be handled in such a venue with relative ease, though most musicals do “break” the fourth wall (as with an actor singing to listeners who can hear him/her, though the characters in the play may not be aware of the song.)
The one downfall to a proscenium stage is that it’s difficult (though not impossible) to turn it into something else. Though some can be “tweaked” to become “thrusts” or even “theatres in the round” (see both types below), most are inflexibly constructed.
Still, this is the most well known of the stage types, so there’s no reason to lament if you have the option to perform on a proscenium stage.
-> Helpful Hint: Turning Another Space into a ProsceniumA classroom or standard room can often be modified to become proscenium-like simply by making sure all audience members are seated in parallel rows a la a traditional theatre. Voila! An ordinary room (with or without a makeshift curtain or wings in which actors can change or set pieces can be stored) can turn into a proscenium stage!
Thrust StagesA thrust stage is a bit like a proscenium stage that “juts out” into the audience. Essentially, the seats surround three of the four “walls” of the action, allowing the actors to be seen from almost any angle.
For directors and performers alike, the thrust stage offers a plethora of possibilities… as well as some innate headaches!
On the plus side, actors can move more freely than on a thrust stage; if one side of the audience cannot see them, it’s likely that another side of the audience can. On the con side, anyone on a thrust stage must make sure he or she moves naturally but relatively frequently, as an actor working on a thrust runs the risk of turning his or her back on some part of the audience with every step.
-> Helpful Hint: Turning Another Space into a ThrustA simple room can be turned into a semi-thrust by changing the seating from several parallel rows to parallel rows on three sides of the action.
Black BoxesThe black box style of stage is what you’d expect from the descriptive term—a large, rectangular (or square) space with flexible seating arrangements. Many times, seating is arranged in a staggered format, meaning that actors are “below” or at the same level with audience members. However, this isn’t etched in stone; a two-tiered set piece could completely change the dynamic by adding several “planes.”
Novice directors may find the black box concept a bit overwhelming, especially if they have not worked with this venue before. Not to worry, though; if your space is limited to a black box, you can usually turn it into something more recognisable, such as a proscenium stage or a thrust simply by arranging the seats in a more traditional manner.
However, if your amateur dramatics group wants to try something a bit more creative, why not offer unorthodox seating plans? As long as you’re comfortable and all audience members are afforded a decent view of the performance, there’s no reason to turn off your imagination, especially when given such a “blank slate”!
-> Helpful Hint: Turning Another Space into a Black BoxAlmost any locale can be a “black box”, including an outdoor stage or park area, depending on how well the script you’ll be using translates into an untraditionally spaced piece. (For instance, many of Shakespeare’s works lend themselves to black box theatres.)
Theatre “In the Round”Any theatrical space that is buttressed on all sides by the audience is considered a theatre “in the round” for rather obvious reasons—onlookers are around the players!
Though most spaces aren’t deliberately designed as theatres in the round, they can often be modified to fit this format. For example, merely having young audience members who are attending a children’s theatrical performance sit on the floor encircling the actors will have a theatre in the round effect.